Cambodia

Basic Facts

Government: Multiparty democracy under a constitutional monarchy

GDP: $ 28.09 billion (2009 est.)

GDP Composition: 29 % Agriculture, 30 % Industry, 41 % Services (2007 est.)

GDP Growth rate: -0.9 % (2009 est.)

Budget Revenues: $ 1.185 million

Budget Expenditures: $ 1.84 million (2009 est.)

Industry Product: tourism, garments, construction, rice milling, fishing, wood and wood products.[1]

Maps:

cambodia

Map of Cambodia.pdf (large map from the UN)

Map Mining Concessions Cambodia

 

Brief overview

Cambodia’s power supply facilities were heavily damaged by war. Cambodia has started its process of rehabilitation under support from the World Bank, ADB, Japan, USA and European Countries. At present, the electricity supply in Cambodia is fragmented into 24 isolated power systems centred in provincial towns and cities. All are fully reliant on diesel power stations. Per capita consumption is only about 48 kWh / year and less than 15% of households have access to electricity (urban 53.6%, rural 8.6%) and the amount of electricity consumption is as follows: Private sector 0.5%, Service sector 40%, Industrial sector 14%. The supply requirements are projected to increase in average by 12.1% per year, and the peak load is expected to reach up to 1,000 MW in 2020.

The largest system is Phnom Penh, which has a population of 11.4 million and more than 12,000 electricity customers. It accounts for 70 per cent of the country electricity consumption, with a peak demand of 80 MW, and an available capacity of 129.2 MW (EDC 74.5 MW, IPPs 54.7 MW), the peak demand will increase to 170 MW in 2004 and in 2020 to 649 MW. As of 2000, the total energy generation was 415.14 GWh, including CUPL 208.28 and Jupiter 13.25.

The total installed capacity for provincial towns is estimated about 50 MW with the size ranging from 300kW to 5 MW, and the peak demand is expected to increase to 173 MW in 2010 and to 342 MW in 2020. Due to the small size of generation dependent on high cost imported oil, the lack of a high voltage transmission system and the big losses in distribution, the electricity price is the highest in the region. The economy has moderate reserves 91 of oil, natural gas and coal and supplies half of the total domestic energy requirements. Increasing energy consumption has exerted pressure on the economy indigenous energy production, particularly for oil, natural gas and coal. Despite increases in indigenous energy production and improvement in self-sufficiency, rising demand for oil and coal have continued to increase the economy import dependence thus prompting government to pursue further improvement in policy measures and programs.

According to the Energy Outlook for Asia and the Pacific report released in November 2009 by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), Cambodia primary energy demand – driven primarily by the increasing demand for electricity – is expected to grow at 3.7 per cent per year from 2005 to 2030, outpacing the regional average of 2.4 per cent. The report says that the electricity demand will grow at an average annual rate of 9.9 per cent from 2005 to 2030. Slightly faster electricity demand growth is expected in the near term, with an average annual growth rate of 11.2 per cent from 2005 to 2015 versus an average annual growth rate of 9.9 per cent from 2005 to 2030. More commercial activities and greater production in the manufacturing sector explain the faster growth of electricity demand in the near term.[2]

Government body

Ministry of industry, mines and Energy (MIME), the Cambodian Development Council (CDC) is the government agency responsible for the discharge of exploration licenses to investors, Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF), responsible for calculating the benefits and tax collection, National Energy and Gas Development Working Group

National Company

Cambodian National Petroleum Authority (CNPA)

External Company

Chevron overseas Petroleum (Cambodia) Ltd. (CoPCL), Moeco Cambodia Ltd, Republic of Korea GS Caltex Corp, PTT Thailand, Singapore Petroleum, Resourceful Petroleum, Polytec Petroleum, China Petrotech, Medco Energy, Kuwait Energy, JHL Petroleum, Chinese National Offshore Oil Corporation

Current condition

No. Category Production Consumption Country Revenue
1. Oil 4,000 bbl/day (2008 est.)
2. Gas
3. Coal
4. Minerals

[1] CIA Worldfact

[2] Cambodia Energy Sector Strategy, accessed from http://www.un.org/esa/agenda21/natlinfo/countr/cambodia/energy.pdf

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